Biochemistry


Learning Objectives

1. Differentiate between matter and energy.
2. Differentiate between atoms, compounds, and molecules.
3. List the four elements that form the bulk of body matter.
4. Identify subatomic particles by name, charge, mass, and position in the atom.
5. Define radioisotope, and describe briefly how radioisotopes are used in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
6. Explain and diagram how chemical reactions involve the interaction of electrons to form or break chemical bonds.
7. Differentiate between ionic, polar covalent, nonpolar covalent, and hydrogen bonds.
8. Contrast synthesis, decomposition, and exchange reactions.
9. Differentiate between organic and inorganic compounds.
10. Differentiate between salts, acids, and bases.
11. List several salts (and/or their ions) that are important to body function.
12. Understand the pH scale.
13. Compare and contrast the structures and functions of the four major groups of biomacromolecules.
14. Define enzyme, and explain the role of enzymes in the body.



Vocabulary

Matter
Energy
  • Kinetic energy
  • Potential energy
  • Chemical energy
  • Electrical energy
  • Mechanical energy
  • Radiant energy
Atom
Element
Proton
Neutron
Electron
  • Electron shell
  • Valence shell
Nucleus
Isotope
Radioisotope
Molecule
Compound
Chemical reaction
  • Synthesis
  • Decomposition
  • Exchange
Chemical bond
  • Ionic bond
  • Covalent (polar and nonpolar) bond
  • Hydrogen bond
Inorganic compound
Organic compound
Macromolecule / Biomacromolecule
Carbohydrate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Disaccharide
  • Polysaccharide
  • Examples: glucose and glycogen
Lipid
  • Triglyceride
  • Fatty acid
  • Glycerol
  • Phospholipid
  • Steroid
  • Cholesterol
Protein
  • Amino acid
  • Enzyme
    • Catalyst
Nucleic acid
  • Nucleotide
  • DNA
  • RNA
ATP
Salts
Acids
Bases
pH
Buffer





Relevant Textbook Section

Ch. 2

Relevant Files



Recommended Links to Further Practice

Biochemistry Self-Tests
Common Elements Self-Quiz
Acids, Bases, Salts Self-Quiz
Chapter 2 Self-Test 1
Chapter 2 Self-Test 2
Chapter 2 Self-Test 3
Matter and Energy Self-Quiz
Atoms Self-Quiz
Molecules Self-Quiz
Chemical Bonds Self-Quiz
Macromolecules Self-Quiz
Vocabulary Self-Quiz
Molecules Games 1
Molecules Games 2
Macromolecules Games
Chapter Rags-To-Riches Game
Chapter Challenge Board Game
Nature of Matter Jumble
Vocabulary Game
Carbohydrates Quiz Bowl 1
Carbohydrates Quiz Bowl 2
Nucleic Acid Quiz Bowl
Lipids Quiz Bowl
Protein Quiz Bowl 1
Protein Quiz Bowl 2